Today (Monday, December 1, 2014) is World AIDS Day

Post by Kimberly Horne

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimates there are 1.2 million people in the United States living with HIV, and nearly 1 out of 7 of those people are not even aware they’re infected.  HIV is touching every region of the United States.  The rate of HIV diagnoses is highest in the South, followed by the Northeast, the West, and Midwest.  Those diagnosed with HIV tend to live in large cities: Atlanta, GA; Miami, FL; Augusta, GA; Baton Rouge, LA; New Orleans, LA; Memphis, TN; and Baltimore, MD.

Socioeconomic Factors Affecting HIV Risk:

  • Higher Rates of Male Incarceration
  • Homophobia
  • Immigration Status
  • Language Barriers
  • Poverty
  • Prevalence of HIV and other STDs in the Community
  • Stigma

Number of New HIV Infections per 100,000 Individuals:

  • Black Male               103.6
  • Hispanic Male          45.5
  • Black Female           38.1
  • White Male              15.8
  • Hispanic Female       8.0
  • White Female           1.9

24% of those initially diagnosed with HIV in 2012 also were diagnosed with AIDS.  This indicates they’d had HIV for years without knowing it.  Sadly, it also means they were diagnosed too late to benefit from life-extending prevention and treatment opportunities.

Out of the 1.2+ million people in the US with HIV:

  • 86% know they are infected
  • 40% are seeing a physician for HIV
  • 37% are receiving treatment
  • 30% have a very low amount of HIV in their bodies

Since 1985, nearly 650,000 people have died from AIDS in the U.S.  More than 13,000 people are dying every year.  Regrettably, only 30% of those infected with HIV in the US are keeping their virus under control.  When people who are infected receive the care, testing, and treatment they need, they can live healthier, longer lives, and reduce the risks of infecting others with HIV.

HIV Prevention Methods:

  • Abstinence
  • Antiretroviral medications
  • Don’t engage in risky sexual behavior
  • Don’t inject drugs, or at least use sterile syringes
  • Get tested regularly
  • Know your partner’s HIV status, and insist they get tested regularly
  • Monogamy
  • Prevention programs
  • See a doctor for care and treatment
  • STI screening and treatment
  • Substance abuse treatment
  • Use condoms – correctly

 

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Resources:

 

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Solar System, Comets, and Asteroid Maps

With the success of the recent European Space Agency (ESA) mission to land on Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko, we’ve started thinking more about the solar system and our place in it. Let’s take a look at interstellar maps!

Rosetta, Philae, and “Remarkable” Comets

The ESA launched a spacecraft with a lander—Rosetta and Philae, respectively—to Comet 67P/C-G more than 10 years before they actually made contact. In order to land on a 2-mile wide object approximately 317 million miles away, the mission needed exceptionally accurate math based on profoundly detailed maps. How advanced are our maps of the solar system? Which ones do we have access to through IU?

Broadly speaking, there are two types of maps for objects in space: ones of individual objects, and ones that show their position relative to other objects.

Maps that show relative position have been around for as long as people have drawn charts of constellations. In 1747, Emanuel Bowen mapped out “The Solar System, with the orbits of 5 remarkable comets.” His map shows the orbits of the planets out to Saturn (sorry Uranus, Neptune, and dwarf planet Pluto), plus the trajectories of 5 comets.

Central map of solar system, with three inset sphere maps

Is “remarkable” a scientific term?

Although not all the comets listed are named, Bowen includes the year of their appearance, as well as information about their distance from Earth and period if known.

Maps of individual bodies are much more recent, as the technology necessary is still advancing. In order to decide where Philae should land, ESA’s scientists started making a preliminary map of Comet 67P/C-G soon after Rosetta approached Comet 67P/C-G. This map outlines morphological regions, different portions of the object with distinct terrain such as cliffs, craters, and boulder-strewn fields.

If you’d like to see some of the process of determining this map, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory has an excellent set of images with highly informative descriptions that reveals some of the modelling process as Rosetta neared Comet 67P/C-G.

To trace the circuitous route Rosetta took on its way to its interstellar rendezvous, Where is Rosetta? provides an excellent interactive map. You can rotate the view to see the comet’s orbit in three dimensions, as its flight isn’t exactly parallel to Earth’s. The map can also help you realize why Rosetta traveled 6,563,230,000 km in order to meet a comet 515,789,500 km away.

Asteroid Maps, Near and Far

Rosetta isn’t the only mission to investigate and map objects in our solar system. In 2011 and 2012, NASA’s Dawn spacecraft observed the asteroid Vesta, which lies in the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. It took a team of 14 scientists about two and a half years to complete the mapping, which was based on observations made between June 2011 and September 2012. Dawn should reach Ceres, a dwarf planet in the same asteroid belt, in March 2015. Hopefully more maps will follow soon after that! Here’s a link to the article in the journal Icarus via ScienceDirect, if you want more scholarly detail than the news blurb provides.

Map outlining terrain and material of a portion of Asteroid Vesta

Geologic Map of the Av-15 Rhealsilvia Quadrangle of Asteroid Vest

Frighteningly, asteroids don’t always remain millions of miles away from Earth. Smaller bits often make contact with our planet, as this recent map of asteroids in Earth’s atmosphere between 1994 and 2013 shows A new near-Earth object enters our atmosphere about once every other week, the data show, although not all of the smallest ones are depicted on this map.

Many of these new maps will be published in the relevant journals, such as those available through ScienceDirect. You can always head to IUCAT if you’re interested in finding other types of material as well. Here’s a link to the results of a search for “solar system maps” if you want to explore more.

Post by Ryan Randall

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Countries Awaiting U.S. Ambassadors

This has been in the news a great deal lately, so I decided to make a map. The data comes from the American Foreign Service Association  and was last updated October 24, 2014. There was also a segment on NPR’s Morning Edition a while back: “Kerry Accuses Senate of Hobbling American Diplomacy”

Ambassadors

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Indiana Statewide Elections: Tuesday, November 4th

Indiana’s next statewide elections will be held on Tuesday, November 4th. For information about polling places and to confirm your registration, visit www.IndianaVoters.com. Absentee voting is also available if you will be unable to reach the polls on Election Day. Visit this page for more information on absentee voting.

Remember to bring a valid photo ID with you to polls, as Indiana Public Law 109-2005 now requires Indiana residents to present a government-issue photo ID before casting a ballot at the polls on Election Day. This page contains information on what photo IDs are acceptable. This page discusses Public Law 109-2005, which requires the BMV to issue an Indiana State ID card for free, and links to a BMV branch locator.

For more information about the positions being decided in the upcoming election, here’s the slideshow we’ve been showing in our space in Herman B Wells:

Post by Ryan Randall

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Humanitarian Data

Welcome back, students! Today I want to share one of my favorite sources with you. It’s topical, easy to use, and of course… involves maps. The State Department’s Humanitarian Information Unit (HIU) is an inter-agency effort to provide geographic data and analysis to help organizations effectively respond to humanitarian crises around the world. The best part? They make this data free and available to the public.

The database is updated frequently, and provides data in may formats, including maps, spreadsheets, and shapefiles.

Africa_EbolaDiseaseWithoutBorders_2014Aug28_HIU_U1078

Published just 2 days ago

Syria_WorldHumanitarianDay_2014Aug15_HIU_U1068

 

Make sure to explore all the different products and data they have available. Most of it is organized by region.

screenshot of HIU website

For all you GIS folks out there, HIU also has shapefiles on many areas and topics including border crossings in Syria, damaged villages in Darfur, and up to date international boundaries. It’s all available to download on their data website.

Finally, HIU supports MapGive, an open source, crowd-sourced humanitarian mapping project based on openstreetmap. Anyone can join and contribute to the map!

mapgive

As always, email libet2@indiana.edu for more information or help finding maps and data!

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ArcGIS Available on IUanyWare

Breaking news! The wonderful people at UITS have made ArcGIS available through IUanyWare. This means that you can run ArcMap on your personal computer without having to download the software and obtain a license. Performance will vary based on internet speed and the complexity of your commands. This is a really awesome service that UITS is providing and it will allow you to use ArcMap from anywhere! Not sure if you’re ready to take the plunge into learning ArcGIS? No need to download! Just give it a whirl on IUanyWare. Are you a student with GIS assignments? Now you can do them at home!

As always, remember that ArcGIS is available on all STC computers across campus, including the public computers in GIMMS on the 2nd floor of the East Tower.

If you’re an IU affiliated person and need to request a full version of ArcGIS for your personal computer, email uitsgis@indiana.edu

For other GIS help, email me at theward@indiana.edu

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Israel, Palestine, and Library Resources

Are you confused by the current events in Israel and Palestine? Want to learn more? Here are some resources related to Government Information and Maps that may help.

Databases

The Digital National Security Archive is a great database for declassified U.S. government documents. Many are related to the conflict. (IU Affiliated access only)

The Declassified Documents Reference System, or DDRS is another database for finding U.S. Documents. (IU Affiliated access only)

The CIA World Factbook entry on Israel has some maps and gives good background information, as well as demographics and economic information for Israel. They also have World Factbook entries for Gaza and The West Bank.

 Maps

The Map Collection here at IU has many relevant maps, including…

The BBC has a pretty good collection of maps that attempt to explain the conflict.

The David Rumsey Collection is another of my favorite sources for historic maps.

San Francisco Examiner Map of Palestine

As always, email libet2@indiana.edu for more information.

 

 

 

 

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Brazil and the 2014 World Cup… and maps!

Economics of the World Cup

If you’re following the World Cup, or even just the news, you’ve probably heard a lot about protests in Brazil and the cost of building the world cup stadiums. I put together a map showing the GDP per capita of Brazilian states and the location of the stadiums.

Brazil_FIFA_GDP_red

The Economist also has a great series of maps that compares each Brazilian state to an equivalent country based on GDP, GDP per person, or population. The Economist explains,

AS FOOTBALLERS and fans descend on Brazil for the World Cup kick-off on June 12th in São Paulo, they will find themselves in not one country but many. As our interactive map shows, Brazilian states’ economies, population and GDP per person vary wildly. The biggest state, São Paulo, has the population of Argentina and an economy the size of Turkey’s. At the other end of the scale, Roraima has barely more people than Malta and the economic output of Mauritania.
When Brazil last hosted the World Cup in 1950 half of its states were more destitute than present-day India. The poorest, Piauí and Maranhão, are now more like Jordan. But that is still a long way from the wealthiest state, around the capital, Brasília, which enjoys an Italian standard of living.

 You can view their maps and the full article at:

 http://www.economist.com/blogs/graphicdetail/2014/06/comparing-brazilian-states-countries
 

For more information about the economics of the 2014 World Cup, Goldman Sachs and Ernst & Young both put out reports highlighting different social and economics impacts that hosting the World Cup has had on Brazil.

FIFA has an official response to many of the criticisms leveled at the 2014 World Cup and its expense.

Declassified Documents

On a related note, Vice President Joe Biden visited Brazil for the World Cup, and while there he met with the Brazilian President, Dilma Rousseff. Vice President Biden handed over several recently declassified U.S. Documents that pertained to the military dictatorship in Brazil from 1964 – 1985. According to Biden, it is the administration’s hope that these U.S. documents will aid the Brazilian Truth Commission in understanding events that took place during the dictatorship. Check out the National Security Archive’s blog for more information and to read some of the documents. 

The World Cup in the Wells Library

The Government Information, Maps, & Microforms department in the Wells Library has materials related to the World Cup as well! Stop by to check out the collection.

 
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D-Day June 6, 1944

Last night I watched WTIU’s broadcast of Exploring the relics on the sea floor near Normandy, France. It addressed the types of landing craft that was used on D-Day, Operation Overlord, during World War II.  A friend just mentioned D-day during lunch so the day seems to be on people’s mind.  We have some wonderful resources to explore the history and details of D-Day but perhaps my favorite is the War Department’s Newsmap dated June 5, 1944.  http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc870/m1/1/sizes/l/

news map

Or the later one: June 19, 1944

news maps

Of course seeing the original is the best (ask staff in Wells Library East Tower 2) but thanks to the University of North Texas everyone can view these online at: http://digital.library.unt.edu/explore/collections/NMAP/browse/?start=0  or view our page at: http://www.libraries.iub.edu/index.php?pageId=1002260 which provides a list and links to online views.

For other resources, consult various papers IUB has from President Roosevelt (including the Map room files of President Roosevelt, 1939-1945 D769 .M5 1994 Guide Wells Library – EastTower2 – Microforms – Reference), histories prepared by the U.S. Army in The U.S. Army in World War II  and watch the dvds of World War II films prepared by the Signal Corps (D743 .W674 2007 v.16 Wells Library – Media Services – DVDs) or watch the newsreels (PN4784.M6 N4774 2004 Wells Library – Media Services – DVDs).

 military graveyard

Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial established by the U.S. First Army on June 8, 1944 and the first American cemetery on European soil in World War II.  http://www.abmc.gov

Submitted Lou Malcomb June 5, 2014

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We’re Here for You – Wherever You Are

Taking an online class this summer? Working on a dissertation?  Just generally curious?  Well, you may not be on campus this summer, but you can still access a ton of useful online resources through the Libraries’ website.  You just need a CAS login to access most sites, although many are available to the general public.  Not only does the Libraries’ website give you access to databases & resources, but it’s also full of links & information on nearly any subject you need.  The IU Libraries offer lists of new resources, resources A-Z, resources by subject, resources for your class, & top recommended resources.  You can find art, articles, books, electronic resource trials, maps, music, online full-text journals, videos, etc.  If you can’t find it, just try the Ask a Librarian link.  At ET2, we’re always here for you, so if you have any questions about these or any other resources, please just send us an e-mail (libet2@indiana.edu)!

 Take a Break with Resources

Resources are just for research – right?  Wrong!  You can find really interesting things in the IU Library’s resources!  Here are just a few examples:

  • Alexander Street Press: Award-winning online collections & videos including athletic training, independent feature & short films, Meet the Press, operas, plays, & more. search.alexanderstreet.com
  • Met Opera on Demand: 450+ extraordinary Metropolitan Opera performances available at your fingers.  metoperafamily.org/ondemand/index.aspx
  • Naxos Music Library: Streaming access to 96,200+ CDs from Blues to the Spoken Word.  More than 800 new CDs are added monthly. iub.naxosmusiclibrary.com/#
  • Televised Opera & Musical Comedy Database: 50+ years of musicals, operas, & operetta televised in the U.S. webapp1.dlib.indiana.edu/operatv

 

Some Government Information Resources

Of course, we have to “toot our own horn,” & list just some of the online resources available to you that are related to Government Information, Maps, & Microforms:

Ancestry Library Edition: It’s so much more than a place to find birth & death dates.  Discover interesting facts about your surname; find your family history in other family trees as well as birth, census, death, marriage, & military records; learn the average life expectancy of people with your surname; start an online family tree & get “hints” when Ancestry.com finds matches to your relatives; uncover your own unique genetic origins through AncestryDNA; etc.

http://www.ancestrylibrary.com

CQ Press Congress Collection: With this Congressional Quarterly (CQ) collection, you can analyze the development, history, legislation, personalities, & powers of the U.S. Congress.

http://library.cqpress.com/congress

Declassified Documents Reference System: View documents used to develop & implement policies originating from the Central Intelligence Agency, Commerce Department, Defense Department, Federal Bureau of Investigation, International Trade Administration, Justice Department, National Security Council, State Department, & White House.

http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/DDRS?finalAuth=true

 Digital Sanborn Maps 1867-1970:  The Sanborn Map Company, founded in 1867, was the primary American publisher of fire insurance maps for almost 100 years.  The Sanborn fire insurance maps are the most frequently consulted maps for anyone who wants to learn about the development, growth, & history of American cities, neighborhoods, & towns.  This collection gives you access to more than 660,000 large-scale maps of more than 12,000 American cities & towns, that contain information on building use, construction details, dumps, owners’ names, manufacturing details, pipelines, railroads, wells, etc.

http://sanborn.umi.com

Environment Abstracts: This ProQuest database features U.S. & international conference papers & proceedings, government studies, journals, monographs, newsletters, special reports, etc., encompassing all aspects of the impact people & technology have had on the environment.  http://search.proquest.com/envabstractsmodule?accountid=11620

Gallup Brain: Here, you’ll find millions of people’s responses to Gallup Poll interviews since 1935.  It’s a searchable record of 70+ years’ of public opinion, as well as articles featuring in-depth public opinion & management data analyses.

https://institution.gallup.com/home.aspx

Government Periodicals Index:  This ProQuest resource gives you indexing & links to full-text articles from U.S. Federal agencies & departments on a multitude of subjects ranging from Aircraft Survivability to Undersea Warfare.

http://congressional.proquest.com/gpi/search/basic/gpibasicsearch

HeinOnline: The world’s largest image-based legal research collection, containing 9+ centuries of legal history, & 1,800+ law & law-related periodicals with 100+ million fully-searchable exact page images.  http://home.heinonline.org

Meet the Press: Meet the Press is TV’s longest-running program (since 1947).  This resource gives you access to over 1,500 hours of debates, interviews, panels, etc.  You can search for videos by historical events, organizations, people, places discussed, subject, & timeline.

http://search.alexanderstreet.com/meet

Statistical Abstract of the United States:  This is another resource from ProQuest.  It’s a comprehensive, convenient online reference for U.S. statistics (economic, political, & social) as well as a guide to more resources.  (It is also available in print.)

http://statabs.proquest.com/sa

SAGE Knowledge: The ultimate social sciences library comprised of 2,500+ titles, including 300+ key reference works.  This online database contains reference materials, scholarly monographs & upper-level text from the behavioral & social sciences, supplemental books on cutting-edge topics relevant to high-level coursework, & widely accessible books in core areas of debate & research in the areas of business & management, counseling, criminology, education, geography, health & social care, media & communication, politics & international relations, psychology, & sociology.

http://knowledge.sagepub.com

World News Connection: This service gives you international news from conferences, newspapers, online, periodicals, radio, reports, & TV within 24-72 hours from the original broadcast/publication.  http://wnc.eastview.com

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