Midwinter, Mischief, and Movies!

KingStephenArthur. Moonlit Night. Deviant Art. June 10 2012, https://www.deviantart.com/kingstephenarthur/art/Moonlit-Night-307604701.

As winter darkness drags on past the holidays, some folks combat the bleakness with weapons of coziness. Others relish the continued spookiness of the short days and dark nights. Still others strike a balance by watching eerie movies while snuggling up with warm apple cider and fluffy blankets. As your guest blogger and movie guide this week, I know a film that is the perfect blend of creepiness, comedy, suspense, and romance, with some great music thrown in for good measure.

It is hard to find someone who has not at least heard of the 1993 film  Hocus Pocus. It is my favorite movie to watch with a warm drink and some fuzzy socks. Why? It’s got everything!


Hocus Pocus. IMDb. 14 January 2020, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0107120/mediaviewer/rm1636408833

This movie is crammed with creepiness! There are multiple deaths within the first fifteen minutes, which ramps up the creep factor to at least an eight before we even meet the main character. Also, there’s an eyeball on a book, the cover of which is made of skin. I mean, come on!


The suspense is more subtle, but the uncertainty woven into the plot keeps the tension high. Children possibly walking towards their doom, dead people being brought back to life—these things keep you on the edge of your seat!

Hocus Pocus. IMDb. 14 January 2020, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0107120/mediaviewer/rm1300798977


Hocus Pocus. IMDb. 14 January 2020, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0107120/mediaviewer/rm3532168705?ft0=name&fv0=nm0005190&ft1=image_type&fv1=still_frame

The comedic timing and script are all genius, and are an integral part of what makes this movie so great! Winifred’s sass. . . spicy! Max’s skepticism and quick thinking. . . on point! Allison’s bratty yet clever personality. . . amazing! This dynamic, and the kooky cameos, lend themselves to great dialogue and lines that stand the test of time. Truly iconic!

Hocus Pocus. IMDb. 14 January 2020, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0107120/mediaviewer/rm1715047936


Some people want romance even in the spookiest of stories, and this film fills those needs. While the romance is present and memorable, it in no way distracts from the central focus of the plot, which is crucial in a movie like this. Having a strong, female love interest that is helpful to the plot is one of the film’s strengths, and it is nice to see playful banter and even antagonism between the pair before their relationship blooms.

Hocus Pocus. IMDb. 14 January 2020, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0107120/mediaviewer/rm1032429057


I PUT A SPELL ON YOU!  Classic song; classic rendition. No need to say anything else!

Hocus Pocus. IMDb. 14 January 2020, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0107120/mediaviewer/rm1681493504

The amalgamation of all these thrills and delights makes Hocus Pocus a movie that will continue to be a go-to for years and years to come. If you have not seen it, come check it out from Media Services at Wells Library, and let us know if you agree! SM

Have a favorite wintertime movie of your own? Let us know in the Comments section!

Guest blogger Sydney Morrow is a third-year Choral Music Education major. She likes to spend time reading and watching musicals, Law and Order SVU, or the Hunger Games series!

Parasite and the “Art Movie vs. Fun Movie” Debate

Parasite. IMDb.com. 27 December 2019, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt6751668/mediaviewer/rm210854144

Since making waves at the Cannes film festival and unanimously winning the Palme d’Or prize (the first film to do so since 2013), South Korean director Bong Joon-ho’s Parasite has been getting hype worldwide as the best movie of the year. Artistically shot, with an all-too-relevant social message for today’s times, full of symbolism and messages delivered in morse code, it is easy to see why Parasite is topping film nerds’ Top 10 blogs. However, what really makes this film stand out is that it doesn’t allow these cerebral conceits to take away from the fun of the movie. Like many other movies in the recent trend of “social thrillers”—think Jordan Peele’s Get Out or Boots Riley’s Sorry to Bother YouParasite defies genre categorization, jumping between witty comedy, family drama, and high-octane thriller in a matter of moments.

Left: Martin Scorsese. IMDb.com 27 December 2019, https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000217/?ref_=fn_al_nm_1. Right: Steele, Billy. Recommended Reading: The road to ‘Avengers: Endgame’. Engadget.com. 27 December 2019, https://www.engadget.com/2019/04/06/recommended-reading-the-road-to-avengers-endgame/

The film dropped at the same time as Scorsese fans and Marvel fans debate the role of film in contemporary society.* Throughout film history, people have argued about what movies should do for people: should they, as any other art medium, constantly strive to evolve and challenge the viewer? Or is it okay that Marvel puts out massive blockbusters that rake in millions, epics that people love to watch again and again, even though they all blend together and can feel like the same movie over and over again? Are movies a tool of enlightenment or escape?  The obvious answer to this is “yes.” We can have both types of movies and let people enjoy what they want, how they want. In fact, I’m not sure how the either-or film argument has persisted for so long.

What is so special about Parasite is that it expertly fills viewers’ desires for enlightenment and escape: it is simultaneously a “smart” movie and a “fun” movie. The comedy and action, along with the heart-poundingly tense scenes scattered throughout the movie, are expertly blended with the symbolism, social message, and evocative dialogue, such that in one fell swoop the film invalidates the entire “smart vs. fun” debate. This is likely why Parasite is getting so much buzz and winning so many accolades: it feels like a real breakthrough. Along with the other “smart thriller” films mentioned above, it represents fresh new cinematic territory, and I hope we see a lot more of it in the coming years. JB

Our guest student blogger Joey Bassett joined the Media Services staff this year. This is his second contribution to the department blog.

*In reality, Martin Scorsese’s contribution to this debate is more nuanced than “fun” vs. “smart” and centers on the effects of corporate monopolization on the film industry. Read more about his thoughts here.

Classics: Old Hollywood and Ancient History

The Hollywood Antitrust Case aka The Paramount Antitrust Case. Hollywood Renegades Archive. cobbles.com. 2005, https://www.cobbles.com/simpp_archive/1film_antitrust.htm


company logo research – Warner Brothers. OBEM Media. 3 March 2014, http://obemmedia.blogspot.com/2014/02/company-logo-research-warner-bros.html

The films of “Classic Hollywood”—the 30’s, 40’s, and 50’s—are fun and fascinating to watch, especially for their glamorous aesthetics. This era of cinema was also filled with period pieces, many set in the ancient world of the Mediterranean. When classic Hollywood took on the classics—ancient Greece, Rome, and Egypt—the results were often spectacular, dramatic epics. The sumptuous costumes and grandiose art deco sets make for a very different picture of the ancient world than contemporary adaptations like 300 or Troy.

  1. The Ten Commandments (1956)

Cecil B. DeMille’s epic drama, depicting the life of the biblical figure Moses, is a visual treat regardless of religious affiliation. The film is nearly four hours, but every scene is filmed in striking VistaVision and packed with colorful detail. At the time of its production it was the most expensive film ever made, and it won the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects.

Charlton Heston plays Moses, who struggles against the Egyptian pharaoh Rameses (played by Yul Brynner of The King and I) for the freedom of enslaved Israelites. Filmed on location in Egypt, the epic follows the story of Moses and the Israelites searching for the Promised Land for forty years.

Media Services recently got a special edition of The Ten Commandments,which includes the 1923 silent film as well. Come check it out! (Click on the title link above. All title links connect to the item’s IUCAT record.)

Anne Baxter and Charlton Heston in The Ten Commandments. Digital Image. TV Insider. 2 December 2019, https://www.tvinsider.com/156572/the-10-commandments-2017-easter-abc/ 
  1. Cleopatra (1934)
Cleopatra. Digital Image. Stanford Daily. 2 December 2019, https://www.stanforddaily.com/2018/02/21/demilles-cleopatra-is-a-riveting-exercise-in-camp/.

Another Cecil B. DeMille classic, Cleopatra jumps several centuries forward in history to depict the famous story of Cleopatra, Julius Caesar, and Marc Antony.

Claudette Colbert plays the powerful, glamorous and seductive Cleopatra, who is vying for power over Egypt and throughout the Roman Empire. Cleopatra follows the political and romantic intrigue between its titular queen, Julius Caesar (Warren William), and Marc Antony (Henry Wilcoxon)—but like The Ten Commandments, the visual spectacle of the Egyptian costumes and set designs is just as exciting as the plot.

Because it was made just before the enforcement of the “Hays Code,” the film is a bit more risqué than other black-and-white films of the period. Still, it was a smash hit: nominated for five Academy Awards, including Best Picture, it took home the award for Best Cinematography.

Available in the Media Services Teaching & Research section.

  1. Helen of Troy (1956)
Rossana Podesta as Helen of Troy. Digital Image. Amazon. 2 December 2019, https://www.amazon.com/Helen-Troy-Rossana-Podest%C3%A0/dp/B01LTHLW7W.

Jumping back to 1100 B.C., my next pick is the 1956 Warner Bros. film Helen of Troy. The film stars Jacques Sernas and Rossan Podesta, and is loosely based on Homer’s account of the Trojan War and the “face that launched a thousand ships.” Brigitte Bardot appears as Andraste—at 22, this was her first American film!





Brigitte Bardot as Andraste. Digital Image. Pinterest. 2 December 2019, https://www.pinterest.com/pin/573857177494514879/












  1. The Celluloid Closet (1995)
Movie poster. Digital Image. IMDB. 2 December 2019, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0112651/.

For a change of pace, check out the 1995 documentary film The Celluloid Closet. The documentary is broadly about the history of LGBT representation in Hollywood. Filled with 90’s stars and narrated by Lily Tomlin, it tracks progress from stereotypes in early Hollywood, to covert representation in the Hays Code era, to emergent representation in the 90’s.

Charlton Heston and Stephen Boyd in Ben-Hur (1959). Digital Image. Decider. 2 December 2019, https://decider.com/2016/08/17/ben-hur-gay-subtext-explained/.

In the documentary, Gore Vidal shares a fascinating story about his contributions to the script of the 1959 Ben-Hur, which sets Charlton Heston in ancient Jerusalem. Vidal reports that, unbeknownst to Heston, he wrote the characters of Ben-Hur and Messala as former lovers. While Heston denies the story, it is an interesting take on the subtext of the campy Hollywood classic.

The Celluloid Closet is available in Media Services’ Teaching and Research and Browsing Documentary sections. JW

Josie Wenig is a PhD student in Religious Studies, studying early Christianity, philosophy, and transgender theory.

Art Captured on Video: Just in Time for the Eskenazi Art Museum Reopening!

As a member of the Eskenazi School of Art, Architecture, and Design here at IU, I was struggling after the closing of the museum on campus. The Museum had been closed since mid-2017 for remodeling, but reopened last month (November 7th, 2019)—yay! During the closure, I met my need to discover new and exciting artwork by turning to the collection of arts-related films and TV shows housed right here in Media Services at Wells Library. Media Services’ collection of arts videos expanded significantly upon the permanent closure of the Fine Arts library branch that coincided with the Eskenazi renovation. The collection touches on many different artists and movements from all around the world. With everything from series about ancient and medieval art to features on modern-day creatives, our library is bound to have a title for you to enjoy. 

Cover of Kusama: Infinity. Digital Image. IMDb. 2018. https://www.imdb.com/title/tt1893269/

If documentaries are more your speed, you might be interested in one of our recent acquisitions—Kusama: Infinity. This gripping documentary on the life and artwork of Japanese artist Yoyoi Kusama gives you a detailed account of Kusama’s battles against formidable odds in her fight to make her mark on the world. The viewer is invited to reminisce with Kusama and other historians about her upbringing in a strict family, her daring move to New York in the 60s, and her ongoing battle with mental illness that caused her to leave America and move back to Japan. All the while we gain an understanding of how her work was not only a reflection of herself but of the socio-political atmosphere in which she lived. The film also provides a retrospective of her work, from early watercolors and net paintings to her infinity rooms. Your eye is bound to be tickled and intrigued by Kusama’s masterpieces. At age 80, Yayoi Kusama is now the highest-grossing female artist worldwide from a financial standpoint, and her creative spirit continues to inspire millions.

Infinity Mirror by Yayoi Kusama. Digital Image. CBC. Nov. 6, 2018. https://www.cbc.ca/arts/12-places-where-you-can-find-a-yayoi-kusama-infinity-mirror-room-right-now-1.4893108

Trying to avoid the outdoors as temperatures drop? How about streaming a title from one of our online services? As an IU student, you have access to our ResLife Cinema online while you’re on campus. Whether you’re snug in your dorm or bored between classes, we have hundreds of titles for you to explore. One title worth watching is director Julie Taymor’s Frida, starring Salma Hayek. This biopic focuses on iconic female artist Frida Kahlo and the life that fueled her work. Beginning just before her traumatic accident that became the subject of many paintings and ending after a solo exhibition of her work in Mexico, the film follows her rise to world-renowned artist as well as her turbulent marriage with fellow-artist Diego Rivera. The film allows the viewer to see the entangled experience of art-making and life for Kahlo while visually exploring her work. Visit ResLife Cinema to see the performance that won Salma Hayek an Oscar nomination in Frida

Salma Hayek in Frida. Digital Image. IMDb. 2002. https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0120679/mediaviewer/rm4131143936.
Still from Frida. Digital Image. IMDb. 2002. https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0120679/mediaviewer/rm3583351040






Do you prefer to get an overview of an artist, but you’re strapped for screen time? No worries, we have just the series! Housed in Media Services is a variety of seasons of the PBS show Art:21 Art in the 21st Century. Providing the public with insight into the lives of leading creatives in contemporary art, this series focuses on all kinds of disciplines—sculpture, film, fashion, and painting are just a few. Kick off your binge-watching with Seasons One and Two of the show, which highlight artists like Barbra Kruger and Trenton-Doyle Hancock. The show seeks to answer important questions about the contemporary art world. Who are some of today’s most fascinating artists? How do they work, and why? Go beyond museum and gallery representation of these creators with Art:21, and get a glimpse of artists’ personal communities to augment your understanding of their work. These vignettes of each artist’s practice, thematic inspiration for work, and process all provide a wonderful jumping-off point for further research on someone you find interesting. You can also access their website, which provides an extensive list of artists they have filmed and explains more about their project

Trenton-Doyle Hancock with work. Digital Image. Art21. January 2nd, 2008. https://magazine.art21.org/2008/01/02/trenton-doyle-hancock-wins-artist-prize/
Trenton Doyle Hancock, The Former and the Ladder or Ascension and a Cinchin. Digital Image. Art21. November 1st, 2013. https://magazine.art21.org/2013/11/01/trenton-doyle-hancock-busts-out/

For many, art is not just the production of an object but an integral part of life. These films and series go beyond explaining how creators make their work to highlight the intricate connection between living and creating. Come explore your creative side with these titles and many more at Media Services! 

Other interesting artist documentaries and films: 

Ai Weiwei: the Fake Case 

Rivers and Tides Andy Goldsworthy Working With Time 

Marina Abramović : the artist is present

Invisible women : forgotten artists of Florence 

Guest student blogger Olivia Kalish is a Junior studying Painting and Art History in the Sidney and Lois Eskenazi School of Art, Architecture, and Design. In her free time, she practices art making, spends time with her family, and listens to podcasts. 


Themester: Remembering and Forgetting

Themester is an IU program held each Fall that combines classes and special events, like lectures and exhibits, to encourage students to experience that semester’s topic through multiple disciplines and formats. This program is part of the university’s attempt to give students a well-rounded educational experience. In honor of IU’s bicentennial, the Fall 2019 Themester topic is Remembering and Forgetting. Below are some movies that offer perspectives on memory, all of which can be checked out at Media Services.


Memento Tattoos. Digital image. Tattoo Jenifer Lopes. 11 February 2011. http://tattoojeniferlopes.blogspot.com/2011/02/memento-tattoos.html

This film is all about personal memory. From the same director of Inception (2010), this is another movie that will mess with your mind. The main character, Leonard, is searching for the man who raped and murdered his wife. One problem: he has short-term memory loss due to the attack and cannot make new memories. After a few minutes of hearing any new information, he forgets it. I highly recommend this film to anyone who likes to have their brain broken by a movie.

V for Vendetta

V for Vendetta. Digital image. Movieclips. 7 April 2017. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_VEDJMixt3c

Set in a fascist, dystopian Britain, this story follows the life of Evie and a masked man known as ‘V’ while they ignite a revolution to overthrow the government. The film explores how we remember heroes and ideas. I recommend this movie to any superhero lover or lovers of revolution.


Miguel (voiced by Anthony Gonzalez), center, with characters in Pixar’s Coco. Digital image. Vanity Fair. 23 November 2017. https://www.vanityfair.com/hollywood/2017/11/pixar-coco-celebrates-mexican-traditions

This film is all about how the dead are remembered in Mexican culture. The main character, Miguel, dreams of being a musician despite his family’s ban on music. After stealing a guitar from his dead idol, he finds himself in the Land of the Dead. He must make his way back to the Land of Living before he disappears forever, but he refuses to go back before getting his family’s blessing to play music. I recommend this movie to any Pixar lovers, or if you are in need of a good cry.


Ron (John David Washington) and Patrice (Laura Harrier) strike power poses in Spike Lee’s BlacKkKlansman. Digital image. NPR. 9 August 2018. https://www.npr.org/2018/08/09/636856957/spike-lee-checks-under-the-hood-in-the-blistering-blackkklansman

Director Spike Lee brings to life the true story of Ron Stallworth, a black police officer in Colorado who infiltrates the Ku Klux Klan in an undercover operation. This film is all about how we, as a nation, remember our history of racism. I highly recommend this film to anyone interested in watching a great film about past and present racial tensions.

Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind

Joel’s Procedure. Digital image. Slashfilm. 8 October 2016. https://www.slashfilm.com/here-comes-an-eternal-sunshine-of-the-spotless-mind-tv-series-no-one-asked-for/

This film is about personal memory and how we remember those we love. After the main character, Joel, finds out his ex-girlfriend has had a procedure to forget him and their relationship, he chooses to do the same. The movie follows him as he desperately attempts to stop the procedure while it is happening and before his ex, Clementine, is permanently erased from his memories.

Do you have memories you wish you could keep forever? Ones you would rather forget? Scientists are constantly learning more about human memory. Recent research has even identified specific neurons that map memories in the brain. For more information about Themester for Fall 2019 or to view upcoming Themester events, check out this link: https://themester.indiana.edu/about/theme/index.html

Isabella Salerno is a junior studying Political Science, American Studies, and Sociology. In her free time you can often find her in a coffee shop around Bloomington.

Your Best Finals Coping Tool: Tearjerkers

Three Foreign Films That’ll Make You Cry Your Heart Out

It is hard to believe, but semester finals are around the corner  , and finals can bring stress! Sometimes, the best way to release your stress is to cry, and there is no better time to cry it out than while watching a real tearjerker. If you need to let some tears flow while the film rolls, here are three foreign films I recommend for you.

  1. Farewell My Concubine (1993)
Leslie Cheung and Fengyi Zhang in Farewell My Concubine. Jane’s Blog. Feb 29, 2016, https://jjjaneblog.wordpress.com/2016/02/29/farewell-my-concubine/

Farewell My Concubine is not only the movie’s name, but also the name of the traditional Peking Opera it was inspired by. The film revolves around the joys and sorrows of two lovers who rely on each other during a time of political tensions. Farewell My Concubine showed thoughts and understanding of traditional culture, the living conditions of society, and human nature. In 1993, the film won the highest prize (Palme d’Or) of the Cannes International Film Festival and became the first Chinese film to win this honor. What’s more, the film has won many international awards, such as the Golden Globe Award for the best foreign language film and the International Federation of Film Critics award. In 2005, Farewell My Concubine was selected as one of the 100 best films in the world by Time magazine.

  1. Along with the Gods: The Two Worlds (2017)
Along with the Gods: The Two Worlds. Cinema Online. 2018, http://www.cinema.com.my/movies/details.aspx?search=2018.12960.alongwithgods.26054§ion=trailer

This film offers an interesting perspective on the afterlife with drama and suspense. There is a law in the underworld: the dead have 49 days to go through seven extreme trials. Only those who go through all the seven trials are declared as innocent by the ruler of death and get the opportunity for another life. The story centers around a firefighter named Ja-hong Kim who died trying to save a child in a fire accident. This film is a funny, heart-touching, and also thought-provoking underworld adventure whose tender moments will give you misty eyes. The film’s deep grasp of emotions has been well received by audiences since its debut in 2017.

  1. Along with the Gods: The Last 49 Days (2018)
Along with the Gods: The Last 49 Days. IMDb. 2018, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt8116428/

Along with the Gods: The Last 49 Days is the intense sequel to Along with the Gods: The Two Worlds, but in this film the narrative takes a much crazier turn compared to part one. The film tells about three amnesiac underworld emissaries who are on their last of the seven trials. They meet a god that knows about their secret previous lives. But what secret? And who is this strange deity? Along with the Gods: The Last 49 Days is tender and thought-provoking like its predecessor, but it also has some ironic moments and includes deeper underlying narratives about socioeconomic struggles.

If you need to cry, doing so while watching these films provides some great cover. They just might help you sail through the end of your semester! LL

Lilly Li is a new Media Services staff member. This is her first guest blog post.

Bioethics in Films

Films have no boundaries when it comes to the topics they can cover, and I find them a great resource to expose myself to new ideas. For example, bioethics was a topic I was unfamiliar with, but through several films, I have had the chance to be exposed to the concept and how it is relevant to today. The main focus of the following films isn’t bioethics itself but the telling of a particular story. However, through their narratives, they reveal instances where morality and ethics intersect with the medical industry. The four basic principles of bioethics are: 1) acknowledging the autonomy of the patient; 2) doing no harm/non-maleficence; 3) doing good/beneficence;  and 4) justice. The following films explore these themes.

A Beautiful Mind. IMDb. 29 October 2019, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0268978/mediaviewer/rm3271137536

A Beautiful Mind

A biographical drama, this film follows the life of John Nash, a Nobel laureate mathematician. During his time as a graduate student at Princeton University, he begins to develop paranoid schizophrenia. However, John is resistant to medicating his illness as the prescriptions interfere with his work, and the film shows his struggle to cope with his hallucinations and episodes. This film relates to the four principles of bioethics (listed above) that physicians and other practitioners are supposed to uphold.  As seen in A Beautiful Mind, a patient, especially one with cognitive impairment, can make a decision that isn’t in their best interest (i.e. John deciding he doesn’t need the medicine), thinking that there is nothing wrong with them. John’s decision not to treat his illness brings up the question of whether his doctors should respect John’s autonomy to make that decision for himself, or if his illness makes him incapable of doing so.

Citizen Ruth

Citizen Ruth. IMDb. 29 October 2019, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0115906/mediaviewer/rm1744527104

This film follows the titular character and her involvement in an abortion debate. Ruth, a woman with drug and alcohol dependency, finds herself pregnant and in jail for her drug use. Fed up with Ruth’s frequent appearances in his court, and the lack of responsibility she exhibits toward her four other children who are in foster care, a judge presents her with felony charges but promises to be less harsh with her if she gets an abortion. This sparks a huge battle between people on both sides of the argument. The pro-life supporters treat her with kindness and support her, but only as long as she vows not to get an abortion. On the other hand, the pro-choice supporters do the same exact thing of providing conditional kindness to Ruth. As the film progresses, it becomes clear how no one on either side really cares about her. They only care that she makes a decision that supports their agenda. The film doesn’t try to make a statement supporting one side over the other. Instead, it highlights how, being overly concerned with an agenda, all parties fail to recognize Ruth as an actual person and not just a vessel for sending a message to the world. This film brings up themes similar to A Beautiful Mind: does Ruth, a person with alcohol and drug dependency, have the competence and the autonomy to make a decision for herself? In addition, the actions of the pro-life and pro-choice supporters spur the audience to consider the implications of utilitarianism: a doctrine in which the end justifies the means. In Citizen Ruth, both sides are willing to do whatever is necessary to win the battle against each other.

Dirty Pretty Things

Dirty Pretty Things. IMDb. 29 October 2019, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0301199/mediaviewer/rm3520669952

This film follows the lives of two immigrants as they struggle to make a new life for themselves. Through a series of events, they end up involved in an organ-harvesting ring where immigrants exchange their kidneys for forged documents. Unfortunately, organ harvesting isn’t limited to the big screen; it happens all around the world today as people sell their organs for money, for paperwork, etc. (some recent statistics can be found here). It brings up the controversial question of whether people should be able to sell their organs in the same way they can sell their sperm or plasma for money. The current state of affairs leads to deaths both from a lack of kidney donations and from incorrect harvesting practices. However, if organ donation were to become a legal market, it might cause people to donate their organs for some extra cash—thereby disproportionately affecting those facing poverty—and it might decrease donations made for altruistic reasons. The film shows the leader of the organ harvesting ring misinforming those immigrants who spoke poor English and were not fully aware of the situation they were entering, raising questions of the bioethics of such a practice. In a gross underestimation, he tells some of them that their procedure would be similar to a tooth extraction, violating their right to make an informed decision.

Million Dollar Baby

This film sees Maggie, an amateur boxer, as she is taken under the wing of a seasoned trainer named Frankie, in hopes of achieving her dream of becoming a professional. After all her hard work and training, an unfortunate accident halts her dreams—permanently. Struggling to cope with her new reality, Maggie starts considering assisted suicide. While watching the scenes following Maggie’s accident, I couldn’t help but wonder how she would ever be able to create a different life for herself. I remembered how in the beginning of the film, she had said that boxing was all she had.

Million Dollar Baby. IMDb. 29 October 2019, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0405159/mediaviewer/rm3019148288

With no chance of ever fighting again, Maggie had to rethink the course of her life. This film explores the bioethics of assisted suicide: should Maggie be allowed by the hospital and her doctors to decide to end her life? The film also explores social attitudes with regard to disabilities. In general, society often views a disability as a deficit, defect, or problem. Often times, what is portrayed in the media and the current discourse around disabilities is comprised of negative imagery: “disability” is understood as synonymous with weakness or a lack of dignity. Maggie makes choices based on her expectations of what it means to live with a disability. In treating this topic, the film creates an opportunity for viewers to examine their own feelings and challenge their assumptions on the subject.

The Doctor

The Doctor. IMDb. 29 October 2019, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0101746/mediaviewer/rm3673891072

This film depicts the doctor-patient relationship as well as the difference between sympathy and empathy. One of the main principles of bioethics is beneficence toward patients. The film portrays the transformation of Dr. Jack McKee’s bedside manner: when he is diagnosed with throat cancer, he goes from being a top surgeon to experiencing things from the patient’s side. In the beginning, Jack is very detached from his patients and preaches that view to his interns. In one operating-room scene, he makes callous jokes about the patient during their surgery and seems to be having a grand time. One could argue he was violating one of the basic principles of bioethics: doing good/ beneficence towards patients. However, by the end, he has realized the errors of his old ways. After being diagnosed, he begins to understand that he is in fact holding people’s lives in his hands, and this revelation causes him to freeze in the OR. These two scenes show the extremes of the spectrum, from being completely apathetic towards his patients to being crippled by the enormity of his responsibility to them once he understands their struggles.


Wit. IMDb. 29 October 2019, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0243664/mediaviewer/rm1230937088

This film also explores the doctor/patient theme. The film follows Vivian on her journey after being diagnosed with ovarian cancer and agreeing to undergo aggressive and experimental chemotherapy. From the outset, Dr. Kelekian treats Vivian as a mere guinea pig. While breaking the news of her illness to her and explaining her options, he mentions how her “contribution” would mean a lot to advancing medical knowledge. The scene ends with him looking pleased and excited while sitting across from a woman whose whole world was just disrupted. From this, the audience grasps that he was more focused on his own research opportunity than on Vivian’s health. At one point, Vivian says that she should have asked more questions, and it is revealed that Dr. Kelekian had no faith that this experiment would help Vivian’s health improve. His failure to fully disclose all the information meant that he also failed to respect his patient and to give her the autonomy to make an informed decision. Although Vivian makes clear that her treatment was detrimental to her health, the doctor had already decided that the benefits of the experimental trial were greater than the burden it put on his patient, failing to meet the non-maleficence clause of biomedical ethics. He used his own principles to make that moral judgment, and his utilitarian reasoning is apparent when someone tells Vivian that the doctor is willing to do anything as long as “the life continues.” Vivian was denied her humanity for the sake of research, a situation that is not without real-life historical precedent.

All of these films cover complex, sometimes difficult terrain, where simple answers remain elusive. If you like films that challenge you to expand your perspective, stop by Media Services to find these and many more thought-provoking titles!

An international symbol for bioethics. Berlin Institute of Health. 29 October 2019, https://www.bihealth.org/en/research/quest-center/projects/projects-of-the-research-group-translational-bioethics/

Guest student blogger Robiati Endashaw is a senior studying Public Policy Analysis in the Kelley School of Business. In her free time, you can catch her reading and watching crime documentaries.

Concerts on a College Student Budget

Jazz Goes To College. DaveBrubeckJazz.com. 10 October 2019, http://www.davebrubeckjazz.com/Recordings/Detail/Jazz-Goes-to-College/0015

Along with the smell of cinnamon pine cones and Ginkgo trees, the falling of leaves and temperatures—if only slightly)—and the sudden influx of pumpkin spice, comes the cluttering of our calendars. I think we are six weeks into the semester now, which means that it’s been six weeks since I’ve been to a concert. Normally, I can squeeze in a show at the ‘Bird or the Bishop almost every week. But I’ve experienced a drought of music as the semester gets busy. Maybe some of you experience the same thing. If you do, I have something that may help.

Media Services has multiple* streaming databases available with recorded live performances of some of our favorite musicians. I’ve been scrolling through Alexander Street Press and Films On Demand streaming services looking for blues-style performances recently. Performances by B. B. King (Standing Room Only), Eric Clapton (The 1960s Review), and Jimi Hendrix (Jimi Hendrix) are some that have stuck out to me.

B. B. King: Standing Room Only. Digital Image. Nightflight. 4/2/2018. http://nightflight.com/when-love-comes-to-town-b-b-kings-1990-standing-room-only-concert-in-atlantic-city-nj/
Ella Fitzgerald Swings. Digital Image. Alexander Street Press. 10 October 2019, https://search.alexanderstreet.com/view/work/bibliographic_entity%7Cvideo_work%7C3336306

But it’s not just blues. Both databases have genres ranging from world music to opera (Pavarotti in London). There are shows from Monterey Pop (The 1967 Monterey Pop Festival) and Woodstock, too. And there are lots of other notable performances, including one by Ella Fitzgerald (Ella Fitzgerald Swings) courtesy of the BBC, one at Austin City Limits (Austin City Limits Celebrates 40 Years), and one at the Marquee Club (Marquee Club: 25th Anniversary of The Marquee Club). If your budget’s tight, you can watch these amazing club performances without having to pay at the door.

If you don’t find the lo-fi, sweaty, flashy film recordings appealing, there are also loads of music documentaries. These are perfect for if you want to know more about a particular artist, or music history and production, but don’t have the time to study it. Interesting videos I’ve found so far: an interview with the music group Air (A Trip to the Moon), The History of Black Music, Part 2: Tony Brown’s Journal, and a music production documentary called Put the Needle on the Record.

Put the Needle on the Record. Digital Image. Imdb. 9/30/19. https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0472164/?ref_=fn_al_tt_2

I really do need to get out soon. But until then, these databases have kept my hunger for live music satiated, and I can keep chugging along through the semester.



A Trip to the Moon. Digital Image. Imdb. 9/30/19. https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0000417/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1



Duncan Hardy is an IU Bloomington junior pursuing dual degrees in Arts Management and Creative Writing. Some of his favorite musical artists are Frank Ocean, Mid-Air Thief, and Andre 3000. Any music, movie, or book recommendations can be sent to duhardy@iu.edu.



*For a complete list of available streaming databases, visit Media Services’ streaming library research guide.

National Chicken Month: Something to Crow About!

Le Poulet. The Graphics Fairy. 23 September 2019, https://thegraphicsfairy.com/printable-image-transfer-french-chicken/

In honor of September being designated as National Chicken Month, please enjoy this list of famous chicken characters and how they rank against one another:

  1. Chicken Little – Chicken Little

            Honorable Mention: Buck Cluck

This classic tale follows Chicken Little, a rooster known for his anxious and dramatic behavior. “The sky is falling” is the tagline for which he’s most well-known. What I admire about this character is his determination to help his friends and unwavering sense of self in the face of adversity.

Chicken Little. Animation Confabulation. 23 September 2019, https://animationconfabulation.wordpress.com/2013/12/24/disney52-46-chicken-little/

Another character that deserves a spotlight is Chicken Little’s father, Buck Cluck. Raising his son by himself after the mysterious death of his wife, although Buck does not always understand his son and his fantastic ideas, he tries to support him the only way he knows how. Buck really comes through for his son and comes to understand him in a way that only a parent can.

  1. Chicken Run*- Ginger

*available through Bloomington Residential Hall libraries only (see IUCAT)

Cooper, Lee. Ancillary Product 1 – Movie Poster – Research into Aardman’s “Chicken Run.” A2 Media Studies. 24 January 2012, http://leecoopera2mediastudies.blogspot.com/2012/01/ancillary-product-1-movie-poster.html. Accessed 23 September 2019.

Ginger and her fellow chickens battle against the owners of Tweedy Farm. As the smartest chicken of the group, she employs the help of circus performer chicken Rocky in order to rescue her friends from impending doom at the hands of the Tweedys’ chicken-pie-making machines. This character’s resourcefulness, compassion, and drive make her an excellent contrast to the typical image of the chicken.







  1. Moana– Hei Hei
Moana. IMDb. 23 September 2019, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt3521164/mediaviewer/rm480337664

Unlike the previous character on this list, Hei Hei is not the smartest. Part comic relief, part animal sidekick, this rooster is the perfect character you want to hate but can’t because they are just too clueless. In the end, he really does come out on top and you will be rooting for this little clucker by the final scene.

  1. Pokémon Ruby/Sapphire – Torchic
Torchic (Pokémon). Bulbapedia. 23 September 2019, https://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Torchic_(Pok%C3%A9mon)

To finish out the list I would like to include a chicken character that does not get the love and recognition it deserves. Torchic is a fire-type character from the Pokémon video game franchise. As a playable starter, you can raise this chicken to become an awesome, giant fighting bird. This character is the only one in the entire franchise whose creation was influenced by the chicken and in this author’s opinion, is the superior starter for GEN 3.

Most items on this list are available at IU Media Services (click on the link to navigate to the IUCAT record for each item) and all are available on campus. Come by and let us know who tops your chicken list! CC


Pecking tin chicken wind up toy. Collywobble designs. Etsy. 23 September 2019, https://www.etsy.com/hk-en/listing/649298067/pecking-tin-chicken-wind-up-toy-vivid?ref=sold_out-8

Our guest student blogger Casey Callas is a senior at IU studying Psychology/History. When she’s not working, you can catch her hammocking around campus.


Remembered, Not Forgotten: Film Stars, Addiction, and Comebacks

Some movie stars are just as famous for their drug and alcohol use as they are for their film roles. Sometimes we see their worst moments splashed across the tabloids right next to pictures of them in a designer tux or gown at a red carpet event. Addiction doesn’t care if you are rich and famous; it strikes all kinds. Yet some of the stars who have struggled most—and most publicly—have achieved long-term recovery and gone on to deliver some of their best work. Below is a list of actors that have been able to fight the perilous battle of substance abuse and come back strong to play iconic characters we know and love.

  • Robert Downey, Jr.

The superstar we all know and love has a tragic history due to his drug addiction. Born in 1965, Robert Downey, Jr. (or RDJ) made his big-screen debut at the age of five, appearing in one of his father’s films. While poised to have an incredible future in the spotlight, he was unfortunately introduced to drugs at an early age—by some reports as early as six years old—and within a few years, he was addicted. In 1997, RDJ was arrested and prosecuted for various crimes. His addiction to drugs even cost him a seven-year relationship, and by the time he was out of jail he had alienated his family, had no money, and his spouse had left him.

Life Freakz. “Success Story of Robert Downey Jr.” Medium. 28 Jan 2018, https://medium.com/@umrankhan321/success-story-of-robert-downey-jr-2c40dbd47037

Fast forward to 2001, when he met his future wife, Susan Nicole Levin (now Susan Nicole Downey), whom he credits with helping him with his former drug and alcohol habits and also revitalizing his career. In 2007, he was cast as Iron Man and the rest is history! Robert Downey, Jr., is now one of the most highly paid actors in the world with a net worth of a whopping $250 million!

Iron Man (2008). IMDb. 11 September 2019, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0371746/mediaviewer/rm957647872
  • Daniel Radcliffe

Everyone knows him as the “The Boy Who Lived,” but not many people know about his struggles with alcohol addiction. Daniel Radcliffe was cast as Harry Potter at the young age of eleven and soon became a superstar and a household favorite.

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone (2001). IMDb. 11 September 2019, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0241527/mediaviewer/rm2113437952

But it turns out that not many young stars can handle the pressures of immense fame. Daniel unfortunately became addicted to alcohol and admitted to drinking excessively to cope with portraying Harry Potter. However, the actor has since bounced back and has been sober since 2010, after realizing how the addiction started affecting his work on set. As of 2018, he still continues to star in movies but has now focused his skills on the theater—something he has always loved doing. Kudos to the young star for bouncing back from a play most movie stars can’t recover from.

  • Drew Barrymore

Drew Barrymore made her acting debut at the tender age of six, starring in the film E.T. The future superstar has come forward with her own addiction story, admitting that she started drinking at the age of nine and quickly became addicted to drugs soon after. Much of her teenage years were spent overcoming her addictions, and her mother put her into rehab following a suicide attempt by the star. She was sober by the age of fourteen, and even released an autobiography when she was sixteen. Despite the resistance of some of Hollywood’s power players, Drew returned to acting and established herself as one of the leading actresses we know and love today.

Drew Barrymore. IMDb. 11 September 2019, https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000106/mediaviewer/rm3820504832

These actors’ stories prove that we do not have to let our past define us, and that in the end, if you persevere and follow your dreams people will value you enough to forget about your past.

Stars: They Are Just Like Us

We all know that fame comes with stress and pressure. But anybody can experience excessive stress and the destructive effects of addiction. We have lost some great film stars to substance abuse over the years, but it is a good sign that more celebrities are willing to open up about their addiction and mental health struggles. It helps remove the stigma, and proves that they are human and sometimes need help like the rest of us. For most celebrities, the first step was to break the silence and reach out to a friend, family member, or health professional. If you or anyone you know is struggling with these issues, here are some resources for getting help:

National Substance Abuse and Mental Health Free Helpline

IU Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS) 24-Hour Helpline

IU Student Affairs Substance Use Services

Here are some documentaries about addiction available through Media Services (many more available):

Addiction: A Comprehensive View

Understanding Addiction

Portrait of Addiction

Media Services staff member and guest blogger Dhruv Madappa is pursuing a Master’s degree in Cybersecurity at IU.